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Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome (RSDS)
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) is characterized by pain and swelling, usually of one hand or foot; sometimes, however, it affects a knee, hip or one or two fingers or toes.
In at least 75% of all cases RSDS can be traced to a precipitating event: infection, trauma, injury, heart attack, or stroke. Some cases may be related to repetitive strain injury, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
Certain drugs may also cause pain and swelling in the joints; these include barbiturates, anti-tuberculosis drugs, or cyclosporine, an anti-inflammatory agent administered to patients undergoing kidney transplants.
RSDS occurs most often in people over the age of 50. Although distinct stages may be difficult to identify in some individuals, and not everyone goes through each stage.
There are neither medications nor surgical remedies to correct the condition or eliminate the pain of RSDS. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the better the prognosis. However, the overall response rate to treatment is poor with over 50% of patients reporting significant pain and sometimes disability years later.
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URL to article: http://www.necc.mass.edu/academics/support-services/learning-accommodations/specific-disabilities/reflex-sympathetic-dystrophy-syndrome-rsds/
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